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GRE改革下填空題目的變化

美國教育考試服務中心(ETS)宣布將在2011年8月推出經過改革后的新GRE常規測試。新GRE常規測試是ETS在美國研究生院為代表的教育界的指導下,經多年研究而完成的,是GRE實施60年來最重要的一次變革,不是之一。于是,本著對同學們負責的態度,武漢聽力英語網國外考試部將推出系列專題文章針對新GRE進行剖析以便使同學們獲得更好的分數。本文將對GRE考試語文部分中的填空題從題目類型、考試難度兩個維度做一個徹底的分析和對比,以幫助同學們看清新GRE考試中填空題的變化和特點。

傳統GRE考試(一下簡稱老GRE)的填空題形式比較單一。即:一段話中設置1或2個空格,根據已有文字的提示完成空格。而新GRE考試的填空題出現了多樣化的特點,同時難度有所上升。考試題型基本可以分為三種:

一、五選一

題干由1-2句話構成,中間設置一個空格,給出5個備選選項:

例如:From the outset, the concept of freedom of the seas from the proprietary claims of nations was challenged by a contrary notion - that of the _______ of the oceans for reasons of national security and profit.

promotion

exploration

surveying

conservation

appropriation

Answer appropriation

句子來自92國內題目。但是選項不同。原來的選項是:

A promotion

B exploration

C surviving

D conservation

E enclosure

題目分析:

這句話主干是:the concept … was challenged by a contrary notion;即:the concept與 notion相反。由of引出的the concept的具體內容:freedom of the seas from the proprietary claims of nations,海洋獨立于國家所有權。則notion 應該說:海洋應該隸屬國家所有權。所以答案就是appropriation。

題型評價:這種題目與之前的老GRE考試單空填空題幾乎沒有任何區別,所以考生應該可以輕松應對。題型:老;難度:一般

二、 三選一

題干由1-5句話構成,中間設置兩個或三個空格,給出3個備選選項:

例1:It is refreshing to read a book about our planet by an author who does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics well aware of the political disputes about the effects of human activities on climate and biodiversity, this author does not permit them to (2)__________ his comprehensive description of what we know about our biosphere. He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the (3)__________, calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood before we can accurately diagnose the condition of our planet.

Blank (1) Blank (2) Blank (3)

overshadowed enhance plausibility of our hypotheses

invalidated obscure certainty of our entitlement

illuminated underscore superficiality of our theories

Answer overshadowed, obscure, and superficiality of our theories

題目分析:

第一空線索:讀某本書能帶來refreshing效果,則表明這本書作者寫作的效果就是有讓我們refreshing的效果或者預期。所以,他does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics不會讓政治politics對這本書作什么作用呢?當然是不會讓政治使其破壞這本書refreshing的特點。則,第一空從正負就可以將illuminated排除。具體選擇overshadowed invalidated還要參看第二空。第二空線索:第二空線索說作者不允許them怎樣。往前尋找them指代,很容易發現:them就是politics。這樣一來,馬上可以看到這樣的重復:an author who does not allow facts to be (1)__________ by politics= this author does not permit them to (2)__________都是說作者不允許政治對書做怎樣的動作。則兩空是同義重復。又由于第一空推出動作是負面的。故兩空都是負面的。則第二空是obscure, 而第一空也就只能是overshadow。第三空線索:實際上是三個并列重復,同時和一個分詞構成手段和目的重復。He emphasizes the enormous gaps in our knowledge, the sparseness of our observations, and the (3)__________, calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood即:the enormous gaps in our knowledge =the sparseness of our observations =(and) the (3)__________ =calling attention to the many aspects of planetary evolution that must be better understood可以推斷空格應該填寫一個負面評價。

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